In August 2017, Robert Lighthizer investigated China`s unfair trade practices.    The United States stated that China had accepted new intellectual property protection measures, including lowering the threshold for criminal prosecution and increasing sanctions. What is critical is that both parties say that they have agreed on a way to resolve these disputes. After more than two years of rising tensions, the United States and China have signed an agreement to calm trade disputes. The agreement has been bitterly contested, but it is not known how much economic relief it will bring as a result of their trade war. “Today, we are taking an important step we have never taken with China toward a future of fair and reciprocal trade with China,” Trump said at a White House ceremony. “Together, we are correcting the injustices of the past.” Technology is considered the most important part of the U.S. economy.  According to U.S.
Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer, China is pursuing a policy of “forced technology transfer” at the same time as the exercise of “state capitalism,” including the purchase of U.S. technology companies and the use of cyber-flights to obtain technologies.  As a result, in early 2018, Trump administration officials took steps to prevent state-controlled Chinese companies from buying U.S. technology companies and attempted to prevent U.S. companies from transferring their key technologies to China as entry costs.  According to political analyst Josh Rogin: “There was a belief that China was going to develop a private sector that would be compatible with the WTO system. Chinese leaders have made a political decision to do the opposite. Now we have to react.
 Foreign direct investment has slowed around the world.  The trade war has damaged the European economy, particularly Germany, although trade relations between Germany and China, as well as between Germany and the United States, remain good.  The Canadian economy is also having a negative impact.  As the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and South Korea have shown “low production” from 2019.  Several Asian governments have put in place stimulus measures to repair the damage caused by the trade war, although economists have said it may not be effective.  2. On July 6, 2018, the Trump administration imposed its first tariffs on $34 billion in Chinese goods. China returned the favour at the same time.
The two countries have imposed tariffs until September 2019, together covering more than $450 billion in bilateral trade. The January 2020 agreement applies to U.S. exports of goods and services. Because detailed data on high-frequency trade for services are not available, these commitments are not assessed here. Medical care rates have become politically complicated by the COVID 19 pandemic. The Wall Street Journal, citing the Trade Data Monitor, has shown that China is the main source of many important medical supplies, expressed concern that U.S. tariffs on imports from China threaten imports of medical supplies to the United States.  While U.S. businesses and farmers welcome these commitments, China only agrees to make purchases for the next two years and what happens next is vague.