The legal precedent for transportation litigation dates back to the 1934 legislation, which required an issuer to obtain authorization before using the programming of another issuer. The law was then applied to cable companies.  In the 1950s, cable companies operating in the western United States began sending radio signals to customers too far from the channel to receive programs with an antenna. The stations disputed that they would not be compensated for this broadcast or that they had to compete with more distant channels that duplicated their content. From February 15, 1966 to December 18, 1968, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission prohibited cable companies from importing non-local radio signals into the 100 major television markets and allowed cable companies to apply for waivers. After a transition period, the FCC partially lifted these restrictions in 1972 and repealed them completely until the end of the decade.   These disputes often involve financial compensation – what the distributor pays to the television channel or the network for the right to transmit the signal – as well as the channels that the distributor can or must transmit and how the distributor offers these channels to its subscribers.  While most transportation disputes are resolved without controversy or announcement, others have public relations campaigns that are both imminent and real and violent. Transportation disputes have occurred in the United States and internationally. A dispute between Fox Sports 1 and AT-T-verse in February 2015 provided a rare example of a partial blackout.
When the parties failed to reach an agreement, the chain did not completely disappear from the occupation of the U-Verse. Instead, the blackout has extended only to programming that has been added since its launch, including NASCAR events, major league soccer games and USGA golf events. FS1 stated that it only wanted to be paid for the added value provided. The additional charges were described as “unreasonable” at AT-T-verse.  The agreement will hold on bundle the CBS channel, CBS Sports Network, Pop TV, Smithsonian Channel and The CW and will also add BET, CMT, Comedy Central, MTV, Nickelodeon, Paramount Network, TV Land and VH1 in the summer.